The Islamic Republic of Pakistan became a separate and independent nation from and along with India in August 1947. This historical change, known as Partition, has had a profound effect on its people. Thankfully, this change didn't erase the beauty within its borders. While its history is dotted with battles, especially during the pre-independence period, Pakistan's culture goes as far back as the 56th century BCE, when the Indus Civilization grew from simple beginnings to rival the most notable and advanced peoples of the era. This progression gave way to understanding how to live and thrive in challenging terrains. Along with technological advancement came artistic and intellectual prosperity, much of which remains part of Pakistan’s landscape today. As the sixth most populous country in the world with growing economies mastering both architecture and military engineering, Pakistan’s history is an example of how to survive and excel under a multitude of circumstances.

01Kaghan Valley

Beautiful Landscape Mountains View shahsoft / Getty Images

Located in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in northwestern Pakistan is the scenic Kaghan Valley. For its entire 96-mile length, there are the green and snowcapped mountains from the lower Himalaya range, with portions dotted by natural rocks and trails. Babusar Pass is the highest point at 13,960 feet, and alongside the valley is the 103-mile Khunar River. After the glaciers melt from February to April, the roads are open from May to late September.