War, political instability, and terrorism have left their mark on Syria, which has made travel to this country extremely difficult and even impossible. Though nations like the U.S. have issued travel restrictions to Syria, the hope remains that peace will resume, and travelers can once again visit. Syria is home to ancient monuments and archaeological sites, so many travelers are itching to visit and discover its main attractions, including several World Heritage Sites.

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01Damascus

The capital of Syria, Damascus, is the country's largest city and home to Syria's Old City, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Old City is located on the south bank of the Barada River and is enclosed by ancient walls. This part of Damascus is characterized by a labyrinth of corridors and alleyways, courtyards, mosques, and palaces. Other attractions of the capital include the National Museum, the Great Umayyad Mosque, and the Christian Quarter, which is home to some of the world’s oldest churches.

A rooftop view of Damascus. JohnnyGreig / Getty Images